原创

RecyclerView库中的遗珠

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本文链接:https://weilu.blog.csdn.net/article/details/83147483

本文已授权微信公众号:鸿洋(hongyangAndroid)原创首发。

RecyclerView的强大无人不知,它封装了ViewHolder,便于我们回收复用;配合LayoutManagerItemDecorationItemAnimator 便于你制定各种列表效果。当然可能还有一些“遗珠”你不太了解,今天就说说它们。

1.SortedList

顾名思义就是排序列表,它适用于列表有序且不重复的场景。并且SortedList会帮助你比较数据的差异,定向刷新数据。而不是简单粗暴的notifyDataSetChanged()

我想到了一个场景,在选择城市页面,我们都需要根据拼音首字母来排序。我们来使用SortedList来实现一下。

City对象:

public class City {
    
    private int id;
    private String cityName;
    private String firstLetter;

    public City(int id, String cityName, String firstLetter) {
        this.id = id;
        this.cityName = cityName;
        this.firstLetter = firstLetter;
    }
}

创建SortedListAdapterCallback 的实现类 SortedListCallbackSortedListCallback 定义了如何排序和如何判断重复项。

public class SortedListCallback extends SortedListAdapterCallback<City> {
    
    public SortedListCallback(RecyclerView.Adapter adapter) {
        super(adapter);
    }

    /**
     * 排序条件
     */
    @Override
    public int compare(City o1, City o2) {
        return o1.getFirstLetter().compareTo(o2.getFirstLetter());
    }

    /**
     * 用来判断两个对象是否是相同的Item。
     */
    @Override
    public boolean areItemsTheSame(City item1, City item2) {
        return item1.getId() == item2.getId();
    }
    
    /**
     * 用来判断两个对象是否是内容的Item。
     */
    @Override
    public boolean areContentsTheSame(City oldItem, City newItem) {
        if (oldItem.getId() != newItem.getId()) {
            return false;
        }
        return oldItem.getCityName().equals(newItem.getCityName());
    }
}

Adapter部分

public class SortedAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<SortedAdapter.ViewHolder> {
   
    // 数据源使用SortedList
    private SortedList<City> mSortedList;
    private LayoutInflater mInflater;
    
    public SortedAdapter(Context mContext) {
        mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(mContext);
    }

    public void setSortedList(SortedList<City> mSortedList) {
        this.mSortedList = mSortedList;
    }
    
    /**
     * 批量更新操作,例如:
     * <pre>
     *     mSortedList.beginBatchedUpdates();
     *     try {
     *         mSortedList.add(item1)
     *         mSortedList.add(item2)
     *         mSortedList.remove(item3)
     *         ...
     *     } finally {
     *         mSortedList.endBatchedUpdates();
     *     }
     * </pre>
    * */
    public void setData(List<City> mData){
        mSortedList.beginBatchedUpdates();
        mSortedList.addAll(mData);
        mSortedList.endBatchedUpdates();
    }

    public void removeData(int index){
        mSortedList.removeItemAt(index);
    }

	public void clear(){
        mSortedList.clear();
    }
    
    @Override
    @NonNull
    public SortedAdapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        return new ViewHolder(mInflater.inflate(R.layout.item_test, parent, false));
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull SortedAdapter.ViewHolder holder, final int position) {
       ...
    }
    
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mSortedList.size();
    }

    ...
}

使用部分:

public class SortedListActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private SortedAdapter mSortedAdapter;
    private int count = 10;
    
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_sorted_list);
        RecyclerView mRecyclerView = findViewById(R.id.rv);
        mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this));
        mSortedAdapter = new SortedAdapter(this);
        // SortedList初始化
        SortedListCallback mSortedListCallback = new SortedListCallback(mSortedAdapter);
        SortedList mSortedList = new SortedList<>(City.class, mSortedListCallback);
        
        mSortedAdapter.setSortedList(mSortedList);
        mRecyclerView.setAdapter(mSortedAdapter);
        updateData();
    }

    private void addData() {
        mSortedAdapter.setData(new City(count, "城市 " + count, "c"));
        count ++;
    }

    private List<City> mList = new ArrayList();

    private void updateData() {
        mList.clear();
        mList.add(new City(0, "北京", "b"));
        mList.add(new City(1, "上海", "s"));
        mList.add(new City(2, "广州", "g"));
        mList.add(new City(3, "深圳", "s"));
        mList.add(new City(4, "杭州", "h"));
        mList.add(new City(5, "西安", "x"));
        mList.add(new City(6, "成都", "c"));
        mList.add(new City(7, "武汉", "w"));
        mList.add(new City(8, "南京", "n"));
        mList.add(new City(9, "重庆", "c"));
        mSortedAdapter.setData(mList);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu, menu);
        return true;
    }
    
    private Random mRandom = new Random();

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        int i = item.getItemId();
        if (i == R.id.menu_add) {
            addData();
        } else if (i == R.id.menu_update) {
        	// 修改,自动去重
            updateData();
        } else if (i == R.id.menu_delete) {
        	// 随意删除一个
            if (mSortedAdapter.getItemCount() > 0){
                mSortedAdapter.removeData(mRandom.nextInt(mSortedAdapter.getItemCount()));
            }
        }else if (i == R.id.menu_clear){
            mSortedAdapter.clear();
        }
        return true;
    }
}

使用起来还是很简单的,来看一下效果图:

在这里插入图片描述

可以看到,我每次添加一条c字母的数据,它会自动帮我排序好,同时刷新列表。修改数据时,自动去重。比起暴力刷新,优雅多了。

2. AsyncListUtil

AsyncListUtil 在 support-v7:23就存在了。它是异步加载数据的工具,它一般用于加载数据库数据,我们无需在UI线程上查询游标,同时它可以保持UI和缓存同步,并且始终只在内存中保留有限数量的数据。使用它可以获得更好的用户体验。

注意,这个类使用单个线程来加载数据,因此它适合从磁盘、数据库加载数据,不适用于从网络加载数据。

用法如下,首先实现AsyncListUtil

public class MyAsyncListUtil extends AsyncListUtil<TestBean> {

    /**
     * 一次加载数据的个数,分页数量
     */
    private static final int TILE_SIZE = 20;

    public MyAsyncListUtil(RecyclerView mRecyclerView) {
        super(TestBean.class, TILE_SIZE, new MyDataCallback(), new MyViewCallback(mRecyclerView));

        mRecyclerView.addOnScrollListener(new RecyclerView.OnScrollListener() {
            @Override
            public void onScrolled(RecyclerView recyclerView, int dx, int dy) {
                super.onScrolled(recyclerView, dx, dy);
                // 更新当前可见范围数据
                onRangeChanged();
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 获取数据回调
     */
    public static class MyDataCallback extends DataCallback<TestBean>{

        /**
         * 总数据个数
         */
        @Override
        public int refreshData() {
            return 200;
        }

        /**
         * 填充数据(后台线程),一般为读取数据库数据
         */
        @Override
        public void fillData(@NonNull TestBean[] data, int startPosition, int itemCount) {
            for (int i = 0; i < itemCount; i++) {
                TestBean item = data[i];
                if (item == null) {
                    item = new TestBean(startPosition, "Item:" + (startPosition + i));
                    data[i] = item;
                }
            }

            try {
                // 模拟加载数据中
                Thread.sleep(500);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 用于获取可见项范围和更新通知的回调
     */
    public static class MyViewCallback extends ViewCallback {

        private RecyclerView mRecyclerView;

        public MyViewCallback(RecyclerView mRecyclerView) {
            this.mRecyclerView = mRecyclerView;
        }

        /**
         * 展示数据的范围
         */
        @Override
        public void getItemRangeInto(@NonNull int[] outRange) {
            RecyclerView.LayoutManager manager = mRecyclerView.getLayoutManager();
            LinearLayoutManager mgr = (LinearLayoutManager) manager;
            outRange[0] = mgr.findFirstVisibleItemPosition();
            outRange[1] = mgr.findLastVisibleItemPosition();
        }

        /**
         * 刷新数据
         */
        @Override
        public void onDataRefresh() {
            mRecyclerView.getAdapter().notifyDataSetChanged();
        }

        /**
         * Item更新
         */
        @Override
        public void onItemLoaded(int position) {
            mRecyclerView.getAdapter().notifyItemChanged(position);
        }
    }
}

Adapter:

public class AsyncListUtilAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<AsyncListUtilAdapter.ViewHolder> {
   
    private MyAsyncListUtil mMyAsyncListUtil;
    
    public AsyncListUtilAdapter(Context mContext, MyAsyncListUtil mMyAsyncListUtil) {
        this.mMyAsyncListUtil = mMyAsyncListUtil;
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mMyAsyncListUtil.getItemCount();
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull AsyncListUtilAdapter.ViewHolder holder, final int position) {
        TestBean bean = mMyAsyncListUtil.getItem(position);
        // 有可能获取为空,这是可以显示加载中,等待同步数据。
        if (bean == null){
            holder.mTvName.setText("加载中...");
        }else {
            holder.mTvName.setText(bean.getName());
        }
    }
    ......
}

注释还是很清楚的,直接上效果图:

在这里插入图片描述

3.AsyncListDiffer

虽然SortedListAsyncListUtil很方便了,但是大多数的列表都无需我们排序和加载本地数据,大多是获取网络数据展示。这个时候就可以使用DiffUtil了。DiffUtil是support-v7:24.2.0中的新工具类,它用来比较新旧两个数据集,寻找最小变化量,定向刷新列表。关于DiffUtil的介绍很早之前在张旭童的【Android】RecyclerView的好伴侣:详解DiffUtil 博客中就有详细介绍,我这里就不赘述了。

不过DiffUtil的问题在于计算数据差异DiffUtil.calculateDiff(mDiffCallback)时是一个耗时操作,需要我们放到子线程去处理,最后在主线程刷新。为了方便这一操作,在support-v7:27.1.0又新增了一个DiffUtil的封装类,那就是AsyncListDiffer

首先先上效果图,一个简单的列表展示,同时增、删、改操作。

在这里插入图片描述

我用AsyncListDiffer来实现这一效果。首先实现DiffUtil.ItemCallback,类似SortedList,制定规则,如何区分数据。这里和DiffUtil用法几乎一样,只是它是实现DiffUtil.Callback

public class MyDiffUtilItemCallback extends DiffUtil.ItemCallback<TestBean> {

 	/**
     * 是否是同一个对象
     */  
    @Override
    public boolean areItemsTheSame(@NonNull TestBean oldItem, @NonNull TestBean newItem) {
        return oldItem.getId() == newItem.getId();
    }
 	/**
     * 是否是相同内容
     */ 
    @Override
    public boolean areContentsTheSame(@NonNull TestBean oldItem, @NonNull TestBean newItem) {
        return oldItem.getName().equals(newItem.getName());
    }

	/**
     * areItemsTheSame()返回true而areContentsTheSame()返回false时调用,也就是说两个对象代表的数据是一条,但是内容更新了。此方法为定向刷新使用,可选。
     */
    @Nullable
    @Override
    public Object getChangePayload(@NonNull TestBean oldItem, @NonNull TestBean newItem) {
        Bundle payload = new Bundle();

        if (!oldItem.getName().equals(newItem.getName())) {
            payload.putString("KEY_NAME", newItem.getName());
        }

        if (payload.size() == 0){
            //如果没有变化 就传空
            return null;
        }
        return payload;
    }
}

Adapter部分有两种实现方法,一种是实现RecyclerView.Adapter

public class AsyncListDifferAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<AsyncListDifferAdapter.ViewHolder> {
   
    private LayoutInflater mInflater;
    // 数据的操作由AsyncListDiffer实现
    private AsyncListDiffer<TestBean> mDiffer;
    
    public AsyncListDifferAdapter(Context mContext) {
    	// 初始化AsyncListDiffe
        mDiffer = new AsyncListDiffer<>(this, new MyDiffUtilItemCallback());
        mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(mContext);
    }

    public void setData(TestBean mData){
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mDiffer.getCurrentList());
        mList.add(mData);
        mDiffer.submitList(mList);
    }

    public void setData(List<TestBean> mData){
    	// 由于DiffUtil是对比新旧数据,所以需要创建新的集合来存放新数据。
    	// 实际情况下,每次都是重新获取的新数据,所以无需这步。
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mData);
        mDiffer.submitList(mList);
    }

    public void removeData(int index){
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mDiffer.getCurrentList());
        mList.remove(index);
        mDiffer.submitList(mList);
    }
    
    public void clear(){
        mDiffer.submitList(null);
    }
    
    @Override
    @NonNull
    public AsyncListDifferAdapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        return new ViewHolder(mInflater.inflate(R.layout.item_test, parent, false));
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull ViewHolder holder, int position, @NonNull List<Object> payloads) {
        if (payloads.isEmpty()) {
            onBindViewHolder(holder, position);
        } else {
            Bundle bundle = (Bundle) payloads.get(0);
            holder.mTvName.setText(bundle.getString("KEY_NAME"));
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull AsyncListDifferAdapter.ViewHolder holder, final int position) {
        TestBean bean = mDiffer.getCurrentList().get(position);
        holder.mTvName.setText(bean.getName());
    }
    
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mDiffer.getCurrentList().size();
    }

    static class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

       ......
    }
}

另一种Adapter写法可以实现ListAdapter,它的内部帮我们实现了getItemCount()getItem()AsyncListDiffer的初始化。

源码如下,很简单:

public abstract class ListAdapter<T, VH extends ViewHolder> extends Adapter<VH> {
    private final AsyncListDiffer<T> mHelper;

    protected ListAdapter(@NonNull ItemCallback<T> diffCallback) {
        this.mHelper = new AsyncListDiffer(new AdapterListUpdateCallback(this), (new Builder(diffCallback)).build());
    }

    protected ListAdapter(@NonNull AsyncDifferConfig<T> config) {
        this.mHelper = new AsyncListDiffer(new AdapterListUpdateCallback(this), config);
    }

    public void submitList(@Nullable List<T> list) {
        this.mHelper.submitList(list);
    }

    protected T getItem(int position) {
        return this.mHelper.getCurrentList().get(position);
    }

    public int getItemCount() {
        return this.mHelper.getCurrentList().size();
    }
}

不过有个缺点,没有提供直接获取当前集合的getCurrentList()方法。所以需要自己维护一个集合。希望以后可以添加上吧。所以现阶段我还是不推荐这种写法。。。不过我们可以去做这个封装。

public class MyListAdapter extends ListAdapter<TestBean, MyListAdapter.ViewHolder> {
   
    private LayoutInflater mInflater;
    // 自己维护的集合
    private List<TestBean> mData = new ArrayList<>();
    
    public MyListAdapter(Context mContext) {
        super(new MyDiffUtilItemCallback());
        mInflater = LayoutInflater.from(mContext);
    }

    public void setData(TestBean testBean){
        mData.add(testBean);
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mData);
        // 提交新的数据集
        submitList(mList);
    }

    public void setData(List<TestBean> list){
        mData.clear();
        mData.addAll(list);
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mData);
        submitList(mList);
    }

    public void removeData(int index){
        mData.remove(index);
        List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList<>();
        mList.addAll(mData);
        submitList(mList);
    }

    public void clear(){
        mData.clear();
        submitList(null);
    }
    
    @Override
    @NonNull
    public MyListAdapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        return new ViewHolder(mInflater.inflate(R.layout.item_test, parent, false));
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull ViewHolder holder, int position, @NonNull List<Object> payloads) {
        if (payloads.isEmpty()) {
            onBindViewHolder(holder, position);
        } else {
            Bundle bundle = (Bundle) payloads.get(0);
            holder.mTvName.setText(bundle.getString("KEY_NAME"));
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull MyListAdapter.ViewHolder holder, final int position) {
        TestBean bean = getItem(position);
        holder.mTvName.setText(bean.getName());
    }

    static class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
		......
    }
}

最后就是Activity了:

public class AsyncListDifferActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private AsyncListDifferAdapter mAsyncListDifferAdapter;
    private int count = 10;
    
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_sorted_list);
        RecyclerView mRecyclerView = findViewById(R.id.rv);
        mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this));
        mAsyncListDifferAdapter = new AsyncListDifferAdapter(this);
        mRecyclerView.setAdapter(mAsyncListDifferAdapter);
        initData();
    }

    private void addData() {
        mAsyncListDifferAdapter.setData(new TestBean(count, "Item " + count));
        count ++;
    }

    private List<TestBean> mList = new ArrayList();

    private void initData() {
        mList.clear();
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++){
            mList.add(new TestBean(i, "Item " + i));
        }
        mAsyncListDifferAdapter.setData(mList);
    }

    private void updateData() {
        mList.clear();
        for (int i = 9; i >= 0; i--){
            mList.add(new TestBean(i, "Item " + i));
        }
        mAsyncListDifferAdapter.setData(mList);
    }
    
    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu, menu);
        return true;
    }
    
    private Random mRandom = new Random();

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        int i = item.getItemId();
        if (i == R.id.menu_add) {
            addData();
        } else if (i == R.id.menu_update) {
            updateData();
        } else if (i == R.id.menu_delete) {
            if (mAsyncListDifferAdapter.getItemCount() > 0){
                mAsyncListDifferAdapter.removeData(mRandom.nextInt(mAsyncListDifferAdapter.getItemCount()));
            }
        }else if (i == R.id.menu_clear){
            mAsyncListDifferAdapter.clear();
        }
        return true;
    }
}

我们简单的看一下AsyncListDiffersubmitList源码:

public void submitList(@Nullable final List<T> newList) {
        final int runGeneration = ++this.mMaxScheduledGeneration;
        if (newList != this.mList) {
        	if (newList == null) {
            	// 新数据为null时清空列表
                int countRemoved = this.mList.size();
                this.mList = null;
                this.mReadOnlyList = Collections.emptyList();
                this.mUpdateCallback.onRemoved(0, countRemoved);
            } else if (this.mList == null) {
            	// 旧数据为null时添加数据
                this.mList = newList;
                this.mReadOnlyList = Collections.unmodifiableList(newList);
                this.mUpdateCallback.onInserted(0, newList.size());
            } else {
                final List<T> oldList = this.mList;
                // 计算数据差异放在子线程
                this.mConfig.getBackgroundThreadExecutor().execute(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        final DiffResult result = DiffUtil.calculateDiff(new Callback() {
                           ...
                        });
                        // 主线程刷新列表
                        AsyncListDiffer.this.mMainThreadExecutor.execute(new Runnable() {
                            public void run() {
                                if (AsyncListDiffer.this.mMaxScheduledGeneration == runGeneration) {
                                    AsyncListDiffer.this.latchList(newList, result);
                                }

                            }
                        });
                    }
                });
            }
        }
    }


void latchList(@NonNull List<T> newList, @NonNull DiffResult diffResult) {
     this.mList = newList;
     this.mReadOnlyList = Collections.unmodifiableList(newList);
     // 熟悉的dispatchUpdatesTo方法
     diffResult.dispatchUpdatesTo(this.mUpdateCallback);
}

AsyncListDiffer就是在这里帮我们做了线程的处理。方便我们正确规范的使用。

4.SnapHelper

SnapHelper是support-v7:24.2.0新增的,用于控制RecyclerView滑动停止后Item的对齐方式。默认提供了两种对齐方式PagerSnapHelperLinearSnapHelperPagerSnapHelper 和ViewPage效果一样,一次滑动一页。LinearSnapHelper这是Item居中对齐。使用方式非常简单:

 PagerSnapHelper mPagerSnapHelper = new PagerSnapHelper();
 mPagerSnapHelper.attachToRecyclerView(mRecyclerView);

效果如下:

在这里插入图片描述

当然我们可以自定义SnapHelper,来实现我们想要的对齐方式,下面我们来实现一下左对齐

public class MySnapHelper extends LinearSnapHelper{

    /**
     * 水平、垂直方向的度量
     */
    @Nullable
    private OrientationHelper mVerticalHelper;
    @Nullable
    private OrientationHelper mHorizontalHelper;

    @NonNull
    private OrientationHelper getVerticalHelper(@NonNull RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager) {
        if (mVerticalHelper == null) {
            mVerticalHelper = OrientationHelper.createVerticalHelper(layoutManager);
        }
        return mVerticalHelper;
    }

    @NonNull
    private OrientationHelper getHorizontalHelper(@NonNull RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager) {
        if (mHorizontalHelper == null) {
            mHorizontalHelper = OrientationHelper.createHorizontalHelper(layoutManager);
        }
        return mHorizontalHelper;
    }
    
    /**
     * 计算出View对齐到指定位置,所需的x、y轴上的偏移量。
     */
    @Nullable
    @Override
    public int[] calculateDistanceToFinalSnap(@NonNull RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager, @NonNull View targetView) {
        int[] out = new int[2];
        
        // 水平方向滑动时计算x方向,否则偏移为0
        if (layoutManager.canScrollHorizontally()) {
            out[0] = distanceToStart(layoutManager, targetView, getHorizontalHelper(layoutManager));
        } else {
            out[0] = 0;
        }

        // 垂直方向滑动时计算y方向,否则偏移为0
        if (layoutManager.canScrollVertically()) {
            out[1] = distanceToStart(layoutManager, targetView, getVerticalHelper(layoutManager));
        } else {
            out[1] = 0;
        }
        return out;
    }

    private int distanceToStart(RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager, View targetView, OrientationHelper helper) {
        // RecyclerView的边界x值,也就是左侧Padding值
        final int start;
        if (layoutManager.getClipToPadding()) {
            start = helper.getStartAfterPadding();
        } else {
            start = 0;
        }
        return helper.getDecoratedStart(targetView) - start;
    }

    /**
     * 查找需要对齐的View
     */
    @Nullable
    @Override
    public View findSnapView(RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager) {
        if (layoutManager.canScrollVertically()) {
            return findStartView(layoutManager, getVerticalHelper(layoutManager));
        } else {
            return findStartView(layoutManager, getHorizontalHelper(layoutManager));
        }
    }

    private View findStartView(RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager, OrientationHelper helper) {
        int childCount = layoutManager.getChildCount();
        if (childCount == 0) {
            return null;
        }

        View closestChild = null;
        final int start;
        if (layoutManager.getClipToPadding()) {
            start = helper.getStartAfterPadding();
        } else {
            start = 0;
        }
        int absClosest = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
        
        for (int i = 0; i < childCount; i++) {
            final View child = layoutManager.getChildAt(i);
            // ItemView 的左侧坐标
            int childStart = helper.getDecoratedStart(child);
            // 计算此ItemView 与 RecyclerView左侧的距离
            int absDistance = Math.abs(childStart - start);

            // 找到那个最靠近左侧的ItemView然后返回
            if (absDistance < absClosest) {
                absClosest = absDistance;
                closestChild = child;
            }
        }
        
        return closestChild;
    }

    /**
     * 找到需要对齐的View的position,主要用于fling 操作
     */
    @Override
    public int findTargetSnapPosition(RecyclerView.LayoutManager layoutManager, int velocityX, int velocityY) {
        // 左对齐和居中对齐一样,无需自定义处理
        return super.findTargetSnapPosition(layoutManager, velocityX, velocityY);
    }
}

上面的注释已将关键地方注明,效果我就不展示了。大家可以下载代码去体验。本篇所有代码已上传至Github。希望点赞支持!!

5.参考

文章最后发布于: 2018-10-22 17:58:31
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